7/27にYuko Munakata氏が特別講演「セルフコントロール(抑制制御)の発達における文脈の重要性(Context Matters: The Case of Developing Inhibitory Control ) 」を行います。

Context Matters: The Case of Developing Inhibitory Control

The development of inhibitory control over our thoughts, actions, and emotions is essential in life. Decades of research have illuminated the cognitive and neural processes that lead to remarkably low levels of inhibitory control in children and to increases in inhibitory control with development. However, targeted intervention efforts have shown limited success. I will present an alternative framework that emphasizes the temporal and social context in which inhibitory control emerges. This framework integrates multiple lines of research and provides a novel perspective on why children may struggle with inhibitory control, why childhood inhibitory control predicts important life outcomes, and how to effectively support the engagement and development of inhibitory control.





10/12にThomas Hills氏が特別講演「エージングマインド: 学習があなたを年老いさせる理由(The Aging Mind: Why Learning Makes You Older) 」を行います。


The Aging Mind: Why Learning Makes You Older

The aging mind is usually described as a story of biological degradation. Telomeres unravel, antagonistic pleiotropies cause neural aging, and cognitive representations crystalize and become inflexible. More generally, numerous observations suggest that as measures of fluid intelligence decline across the lifespan, measures of crystalized intelligence (e.g., vocabulary) increase. Could increasing crystallized intelligence cause a reduction in fluid abilities? Using several data sets of empirical observations on the aging mental lexicon we've collected over the past decade, I will demonstrate how thinking about these problems from a slightly different perspective provides a simple and elegant solution to aging phenotypes as a consequence of lifelong learning. I will provide a model using network analysis to demonstrate this effect.

エージングマインド: 学習があなたを年老いさせる理由

精神の老化は、通常、生物学的劣化の帰結として説明されます。テロメアがほどけ、拮抗的プレイオトロピーが神経の老化を引き起こし、認知表現が固定化し、柔軟性を失います。より一般的には、生涯にわたる流動性知能の測定値の低下と結晶性知能(例:語彙)の増加が観察されています。この観察からは結晶性知能の増加が流動能力の低下を引き起こす可能性が示唆されます。 過去10年間に収集した高齢者の精神的語彙に関する実証的観察のいくつかのデータセットを使用して、これらの問題を少し異なる視点から調査してきました。その結果生涯学習の結果としての老化に関する様々な表現型が表れるという、単純で優雅な解決策を提供する方法を示すことが出来ます。この効果を示すために、ネットワーク分析を使用したモデルを提示します。



4/5にLusha Zhu氏が特別講演「相互接続された世界における構造と影響力(Structure and influence in an interconnected world)」を行いました。

Structure and influence in an interconnected world
Many social species are embedded on social networks, including our own. The structure of social networks shapes our decisions by constraining what information we learn and from whom. Yet the precise mechanism by which the human brain interacts with the networked environments remains unknown. A major obstacle to exploring this conundrum has been the difficulty to develop computationally-tractable and neurobiologically-plausible accounts that can characterize how the decision-making system processes information passing through social networks. In this talk, I will present some recent progress in addressing this gap. By combining ideas and methods from decision neuroscience and social network analysis, we demonstrate a neural mechanism of ‘network-dependent learning’, which filters social information according to where the sources locate on the network. This mechanism can give rise to collective maladaptation, including biased learning and misinformation propagation in an interconnected society.

3/23にXiaosi Gu氏が特別講演「社会神経科学の視点から見る計算論的精神医学(Computational Psychiatry Through The Lens of Social Neuroscience)」を行いました。

Computational Psychiatry Through The Lens of Social Neuroscience
Computational psychiatry (CP), a nascent field with close connections to biological psychiatry and computational neuroscience, has made important contributions to mental health research in terms of bringing computational frameworks and methods. However, the explanatory power of CP remains limited, as it has thus far almost exclusively focused on basic perceptual inference and reinforcement learning. In this talk, I will argue that modeling social processes represents an important future direction of CP, as human social relationships can be both a major drive of psychiatric disorders as well as an important basis for treatment and intervention. Using norm adaptation and controllability as exemplar topics, I will present our recent findings of how impaired social computations manifest in disorders that are not traditionally considered as “social disorders” such as addiction, OCD, and delusion. I will conclude by discussing the therapeutic implications of this work.

1/18にTali Sharot氏が特別講演「信念の形成過程(How People form beliefs)」を行いました。

How People Form Beliefs
In this talk I will present our recent behavioural and neuroscience research on how the brain motivates itself to form particular beliefs and why it does so. I will propose that the utility of a belief is derived from the potential outcomes associated with holding it. Outcomes can be internal (e.g., positive/negative feelings) or external (e.g., material gain/loss), and only some are dependent on belief accuracy. We show that belief change occurs when the potential outcomes of holding it alters, for example when moving from a safe environment to a threatening environment. Our findings yield predictions about how belief formation alters as a function of mental health. We test these predictions using a linguistic analysis of participants’ web searches ‘in the wild’ to quantify the affective properties of information they consume and relate those to reported psychiatric symptoms. Finally, I will present a study in which we used our framework to alter the incentive structure of social media platforms to reduce the spread of misinformation and improve belief accuracy.

We published the article of loneliness and social rigidity in Scientific Reports!

Figure 1

Badman, R. P., Nordström, R., Ueda, M., & Akaishi, R. (2022). Perceptions of social rigidity predict loneliness across the Japanese population. Scientific Reports12(1), 1-14.

Loneliness is associated with mental and physical health problems and elevated suicide risk, and is increasingly widespread in modern societies. However, identifying the primary factors underlying loneliness remains a major public health challenge. Historically, loneliness was thought to result from a lack of high-quality social connections, but broader cultural factors (e.g. social norms) are increasingly recognized to also influence loneliness. Here, we used a large-scale survey (N = 4977) to assess to what degree the loneliness epidemic in Japan is associated with traditional measures of social isolation (number of close friends), cultural factors (perceptions of social rigidity, as measured by relational mobility), and socioeconomic factors (e.g. income). We confirmed that a lack of close friends is a dominant factor underlying loneliness in Japan. We also found that perceptions of the social rigidity in one’s environment was a major correlate of loneliness. Subjects who perceived lower levels of rigidity in their social environments felt significantly less lonely than those who perceived higher levels of social rigidity, though the association was weak in low income males. Thus, Japanese society and other high social rigidity cultures may need to reflect on the possibility that inflexible traditional norms of socialization are exacerbating loneliness.


figure 1





Badman, R. P., Nordström, R., Ueda, M., & Akaishi, R. (2022). Perceptions of social rigidity predict loneliness across the Japanese population. Scientific Reports12(1), 1-14.

7/6にBTCCの公開シンポジウム を開催致します。 『心・からだ・社会からの見る・創る Well-being』




心・からだ・社会からの見る・創る Well-being


7月6日 09:00〜











9:00-9:10 開催のご挨拶 國吉康夫BTCCセンター長

            吉原良浩 理研CBS副センター長

9:10-9:50 ① 招待基調講演 渡邊淳司氏 NTTコミュニケーション科学基礎研究所 上席特別研究員


10:00-10:40 ② 招待基調講演 矢野和男氏 ハピネスプラネットCEO/日立製作所フェロー


10:40-11:20 ③ 招待基調講演 奥山真司氏 トヨタ自動車(株)産業医(精神科医)


11:30-12:00 パネルディスカッション

12:00-12:30 ランチョンセミナー 特別招待講演
村田藍子氏 NTTコミュニケーション科学基礎研究所 研究主任


13:30-14:05 北城圭一 脳リズム情報処理連携ユニットリーダー


14:05-14:40 下田真吾 知能行動制御連携ユニットリーダー


14:50-15:25 赤石れい 社会価値意思決定連携ユニットリーダー


15:25-15:50 パネルディスカッション


全体の総括 國吉康夫BTCCセンター長

閉会のご挨拶 古賀伸彦 トヨタ自動車(株) 未来創生センター長

#innovation #wellbeing

6月16日午後2時半より東洋大学の尾崎教授による経験サンプリング法を利用した研究やその応用についての講演を開催致します。『経験サンプリング法が明らかする「日常」のこころ: Well-being研究の視点から考える』


時間:6/16 2:30pm~

経験サンプリング法(experience sampling method: ESM)は、日常生活を送る対象者から、1日あたり数回×数日間にわたって自己報告データを集めるという調査手法です。人々がどのようなできごとを経験し、何を感じたり考えたりしながら、どのような判断やふるまいを行っているのか――こうした日常心理に関するデータを、ふだんどおりの生活環境の中から直接取得できるというのが、この手法の利点です。スマートフォンの普及によって回答タイミングの通知やデータ収集が容易にできるようになったことから、いまや世界中の研究者が注目する研究ツールとなりました。特にWell-being関連の研究においては、人々が日々の生活の中で感じる“幸せ”をトラッキングする手法のひとつとして重要視されています。





CBS-Forum_Tomomi Tanaka_SNS